University of Dhaka | Department of Physics

Effects of transition metal doping on CsGeBr 3 perovskite: First-principles study

Fahim Bin Selim, Alamgir Kabir, Sadiq Shahriyar Nishat 


Metal halide perovskites have shown the most promising results as the light-harvesting section of photovoltaics and opto-electronic devices. Among the non-toxic halide perovskites, CsGeBr3 was found to be the best candidate for opto-electronic applications; however, it is understood that the efficiency of CsGeBr3 can be further increased with the insertion of transition metals as dopants. In this article, the first-principles density functional theory calculations are used to predict the mechanical, structural, electronic, and optical properties of pristine, Ni-doped, Mn-doped, and Fe-doped CsGeBr3 with 12.5% of doping concentration. All the doped materials are found to be ferromagnetic and mechanically stable. They have finite magnetization values. The optical absorption edge in all the doped materials shows that they have additional peaks within the large emission range of solar radiation, which makes them more suitable than the pristine material for photovoltaics and opto-electronic applications. Among the doped materials, Mn-doped and Fe-doped CsGeBr3 have comparably higher absorption peaks and are almost identical in shape. The electronic bandgap is smaller than the pristine structure in the case of Fe-doped CsGeBr3 and larger for Ni and Mn-doped CsGeBr3. These combinational analyses lead to the decision that, among the non-toxic, inorganic perovskite materials, Fe-doped CsGeBr3 is better suited for the use in opto-electronic applications.